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Hrvatski dvorci


The original plan and the present state show that Gornja Bistra had a lovely park. It is not completely clear when it was laid out. Because of many, often contradictory, sources the time when it was shaped cannot be precisely determined. It was probably planted at the end of the nineteenth century but according to plants from the second half of the eighteenth century there may have been many radical transformations that are not yet known.
It is a landscape park with baroque elements that especially come to expression in the centrally-placed approach avenue in the axis of the house, whose imaginary line continues on behind. The eighteenth-century plan of the park is an important historic research document, especially for the park's renewal. Since it is a rare original park plan in the Croatian Zagorje, it merits more detailed description. The plan has a key in French that contains 23 entries: 1. manor house, 2. glass-house and gardner's flat, 3. farm, 4. farm annex, 5. (illegible), 6. pigsty, 7. servants' dining hall, 8. mill, 9. fountain, 10. flowers, 11. underground refrigiration, 12. irrigation stone dams, 13. lake, 14. irrigation ditch, 15. water course, 16. pool for irrigating vegetable garden and orchard, 17. Zagora stream, 18. ditch for irrigating vegetable garden, 19. vegetable garden, 20. orchard, 21. espalier, 22. gatehouse and 23. entrance into manor chapel.
Of the park inventory, the fountain in the manor courtyard still stands, a stone portal in front of the pollarded hornbeam avenue in the former vegetable garden, parts of the paths, the originally pollarded hornbeam entrance avenue, and traces of the old lake in the north-eastern part of the park can also still be discerned. As well as indigenous vegetation, the park also has many imported species: of conifers - Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniarca), Lawson felsecypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana), Himalayan blue pine (Pinus wallichiana), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), common baldcypress (Taxodium distichum) etc., and of deciduous trees boxelder (Acer negundo), common catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides), hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus), magnolia (Magnolia grarediflora), pagoda tree (Sophora japonica), royal paulownia (Paulownia tomeretosa) etc. The park also has a wealth of shrubs, most of them planted more recently. The arcades around the courtyard used to have vines of the ampelopsis and bigonia families.

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